Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Phil. Literature Essay Example

Phil. Literature Paper Four Periods Pre-colonial, spanish, japanese, american period Pre-colonial period riddles, salawikain, folklores, folksongs, chants, stories of creation, legends/origins and epics Spanish period moro-moro and senakulo Japanese period Haiku and Tanaga American Period English language 21st century current century of Anno Domini(AD) era in accordance with the gregorian calendar 21st century began on January 1, 2001 until december 31, 2100 21st century -the first century of the 3rd millenium -3rd current period of 1000 years in the Anno Domino Anno Domino `Latin word for In the year of the Lord C.E Common Era B.C.E Before Common Era *Pre-colonial Literature prior to colonization, Philippines was already brimming with rich tradition of oral literature **Pre-colonial literature marked by our ancestors ancestors daily observation about life, explanation for natural phenomena and begginings of ritual ***Pre-colonial literature function as an explanation for society and culture as they know it to be Forms of Literature in Pre-colonial period proverbs, riddles, folksongs, tales, and epics Proverbs practical observations and philosophy of everyday life that are written usually in a rhyming scheme **Proverbs they are meant to entertain while teaching basic skills in surviving local life ***Proverbs they are called salawikain in Filipino *Riddles they demand an answer and are used to test the wits of those listening to them **Riddles are used in a battle of wits, where locals, young and old join or watch to see who is the smartest ***Riddles -flippant nature (they seem to be referring to something laughable but in reality, the answer is more serious than expected) *Folksongs are beautiful songs that are informal expressions of our ancestors experience in life **Folksongs they range from courtship to lullabies, harvest, funerals and others *Tales are stories of origin for certain places, their names and their creation **Tales also known as myths and legends ***Tales they explain certain events or phenomena in our ancestors live that cannot be explained by the limited practical kind of science they knew back then *Epics are long winded poems about a hero and his adventures and misadventures **Epics tells of a male hero born with all pleasing qualities that our ancestors like in a person and who also has superhuman capabilities ***Epics a hero is paired with a beautiful maiden whom he falls in love with and will usually go to battle for ****Epics supernatural elements are also introduced to show the strength of the hero and his capabilities *Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature focused on the society and culture **Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature centered on the Christian faith and stories about the lives of saints and other religious hymns ***Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature emulated the traditional spanish ways of themes and forms in writing, repetitive plots and shadowy character Forms of Literature in Spanish Period Corrido, awit, pasyon, cencaculo, moro-moro, carillo, tibag, duplo/karagatan, and Zarzuela Corrido is a legendary religious narrative form that usually details the lives of saints or the history of a tradition Awit is a chivalric poem about a hero, usually about a saint and used in religious proccesions Pasyon is a narrative poem about the life of Jesus Chris, from his birth and to his death, which is usually a Lenten season Cenaculo is the dramatization of the passion of Christ. Moro-moro or Comedia de Capa y Espada is a blood and thunder melodrama depicting the conflict between Christians and Muslims Carillo is a play that uses shadows as its main spectacle, created by animating figures made from cardboards Tibag is the dramatic reenactment of St.Helenas search for the holy cross Duplo or Karagatan connected to Catholic mourning rituals and harvest celebrations Zarzuela musical comedies or melodramas, they follow a certain plot which shows either satirical look at society or begrudged life -famous in Spanish Era *American Colonial Period English was introduced as medium of instruction in school **American Colonial Period free verse poetry, short story and the critical essay were introduced ***American Colonial Period literary modernization that highlighted the writers individuality and cultivated consciousness of craft ****American Colonial Period romantic tradition *****American Colonial Period Philippine literature in English flourished Forms of Literature in Japanese Colonial Period Haiku and Tanaga *Japanese Colonial Period interruption in the development of Philippine Literature **Japanese Colonial Period Philippine literature in English com to a halt ***Japanese Colonial Period All newspaper in English were stopped except the Tribune and the Philippine Review ****Japanese Colonial Period Filipino writers in English turned to writing in Filipino *****Japanese Colonial Period Filipino literature was given a break ******Japanese Colonial Period Topic and themes were often about life in the provinces *******Japanese Colonial Period Drama experienced lull because movie houses were closed Haiku a poem of free verse that the japanese like, made up of 17 syllables divided into 3 lines, allegorical in meaning Tanaga like the haiku, is sort but it had measure and rhyme, with 17 syllable in each line, allegorical in meaning Filipino Writers Nick Joaquin Carlos Bulosan Rafael Zulueta de Costa Manuel Juan Laya Nick Joaquin The Woman Who Looked like Lazarus Carlos Bulosan The Laughter of my Father Rafael Zulueta de Costa Like the Moleva Manuel Arguilla How my Brother Leon Brought home a Wife Juan Laya His native Soil *Contemporary Period martial law repressed and curtailed human rights, including freedom of press **Contemporary Period Writers used symbolisms and allegories to drive home their message at the face of heavy censorship ***Contemporary Period Use of native languages as the main tool of literary expression instead of foreign languages ****Contemporary Period poetry, short stories, novels and essays continued to flourish *****Contemporary Period teaching of vernacular literature or literature of the regions ******Contemporary Period post war poetry and fiction was dominated by writers in English educated and trained in writers workshop in the U.S or England *******Contemporary Period oral literature in the outlying communities oral literature it started in pre-colonial period 1887 Publication of Noli Me Tangere 3rd novel of Rizal makamisa Rizal was executed by sedition

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